What Do You Play In The Casino?


Many gentlemen relax from time to time by playing cards – dressed in a club double row, with a cigar in one hand and a whisky in the other, enjoy the time spent at the “green table”. Today we would like to introduce you to some basic rules and facts about the most popular gambling games, which are worth knowing before you go to the casino.



There are many interesting and significantly different stories about the beginnings of roulette. The first one tells about Roman soldiers who threw balls into the wheels from the carriages, the next one suggests that it was created in China, another one suggests that it was invented by 16th century circus artists, but unfortunately none of them can be confirmed. It is certain that the modern version of roulette, in 1645, was invented by French scientist Blaise Pascal. The game was created during an attempt to build perpetual motion, and was inspired by a mathematical calculus of probability, which the scientist was interested in. Further proven evidence comes from the United Kingdom in 1720, when the game Roly Poly using a wheel and a ball was very popular – most likely a prototype of roulette. To this day we play roulette, which has remained almost unchanged for 400 years. Almost, because of the small innovations introduced in 1842, two Frenchmen added a “zero” field to the roulette wheel, which gave the casino a larger 2.6 percent advantage over the player, as well as the Americans who added more fields: 00 and an eagle. Eventually, the use of the eagle was banned in the USA, but the advantage over the player increased anyway, to as much as 5.26 percent. It’s worth mentioning that roulette is also very often called the “devil’s game”, because the sum of all the numbers is 666, and also because of the many stories about huge losers that ruined many people. There are also great winners – Charles Wells is very lucky to have won over 2 million francs in 1891, in Monte Carlo, over a number of games, reportedly hitting 23 times on 24, thus making a permanent mark in roulette history.

Basic rules of the game

There are a number of numbers on the table, which are also on the wheel, each player puts a certain amount of money on the field of his choice. When the betting is finished, the dealer moves the wheel and throws a ball that circles in the opposite direction. The winner is the person who has bet his money on the field with the number on which the ball has stopped. In some casinos, to add variety to the game, it is allowed to place bets on the fields chosen by the players, even after the ball is thrown into the wheel, but only until the dealer says: end of betting.

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Today poker is certainly the most popular card game. It’s played not only by professionals and addicted gamblers, but also by children, although it’s not about money, but about matches or sweets. There is no specific date when poker was created, and it has probably developed over many years, changing the number of cards, introducing new hands or new game variants. The first mention of poker dates back to 1834, from Jonathanah H. Green’s book Dragoon Campaigns to the Rocky Mountains and 1844, from Joe Cowell’s Thirty Years of Players from England and America. Another important date in the history of poker was 1872, when the United States ambassador officially announced the rules of the game in the forum. A few years later, in 1880 Texas Hold’em appeared, still the most recognizable type of poker in the world. In 1970 the World Series of Poker was founded, which is still one of the most popular poker tournaments in the world today. Initially it wasn’t played, but the best player was voted on. The first vote in the history of the WSOP was unsuccessful because each player voted for himself. It wasn’t until the second time that the winner was chosen, it was him: Johnny Moss, one of the most famous poker players, and also the author of the game books. In later years, voting for the tournament and direct inter-player games were abandoned. It’s worth mentioning one of the best players in poker, who has clearly distinguished himself over the years. Stu Ungar (The Kid), a fourteen-year-old boy, won the WSOP, and the money he won while playing poker is estimated at $30 million. Unfortunately, when he was still young, Stu Ungar became addicted to drugs and spent most of his wealth on them. He died tragically at the age of 45.

Basic rules of the game

At the beginning, the players get cards (the number depends on the variant of the game), of which they must make the best possible hand. After each hand, there is a bidding process. In some poker games, you have to pay a bet to get into the game, in others you even have two players to bet the blinds. There are 10 hands. It is worth mentioning that there are 2,598,960 “poker hands”, which means that our chance of having Royal Poker, the strongest hand, is one to 649,740.

Cards from the strongest to the weakest hand:

1. Royal poker – five cards arranged in turn from the strongest (Ace) to the weakest (10) – in the same suit (e.g. hearts). Royal poker is the strongest hand, it “outflows” any other hand.

2. Poker – five cards from the strongest hand (not an Ace, e.g. Lady or 8) to the weakest. Of course in one suit.

3rd Kind – four cards of the same kind, of the same value (e.g. four fives or four kings (end of parenthesis?)), if two players have a card, then the one with the highest face value wins.

4. Full – a three of a kind and a pair of the same kind (e.g. three queens and two eights).

5th Flush – five cards of the same suit, the order and figures do not matter (e.g. Ace, two, five Jacks and eight).

6) Straight – five cards of a different suit arranged in turn (e.g. King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9 – a diamond-shaped suit).

7. Three – three cards of the same value (e.g. three eights).

8. Two pairs – two pairs of cards of the same suit (e.g. two threes and two tens).

9. Pair – a pair of cards of the same value (e.g. two fives).

10. High card – when there is no hand out of the five cards we hold, then the highest card we have is the strongest one, e.g. Ace.


Baccarat is one of the most popular gambling games we can find in almost every casino in the world. Over the years it has been believed to be a typical gentleman’s game, that it is played mainly by the elite and the upper social strata, which of course was not true, because everyone, both rich and poor, played cards. Baccarat appeared already in medieval Italy, according to many sources the creator of the game was most probably Felix Falguierien, then a tarot master. This form of entertainment quickly became popular in France, but like most gambling games in the Middle Ages, it was also banned. It was from the name of one of the most famous Parisian gamblers, who was known for his extraordinary gaming skills, that the French variety of Baccarat – Chemin de Fer – was named. The game was popular not only among the European aristocracy, but also in North America, where another very well-known variant of the game was created – Punto Banco, or American Baccarat. It is worth mentioning that Baccarat is often called “Bond Game”, this is due to the film and book character of James Bond, an agent at Her Majesty’s service, who liked to play this game very much, as we can see from reading Ian Fleming’s Casino Royale or watching, for example, Operation Lightning, Dr. No, In Secret Service of Her Majesty.

The basic rules of the game

Even today, despite the fact that hundreds of years have passed, baccarat is still very popular and popular, especially among gambling enthusiasts, who appreciate the simplicity and speed with which the games are played, often deceptive. Players have a relatively good chance to win, they can bet on themselves, the banker, their loss or a draw. Baccarat players, banker and player, each receive two, maximum three cards, which should give a total of 9 points. The winner is the person who bets on the appropriate player and the appropriate version of the end of the game (loss or win).



Card games are very old-fashioned entertainment, some researchers claim that it was the first time they relaxed in this way 3,000 years ago in China. However, the games of that time had little to do with Blackjack, which dates back to the 18th century. It was probably founded in France and owes its origin to two other then popular games: Chemin de fer (a variety of baccarat) and French ferme. At that time, the name Blackjack – Vingt-et-un, or 21, was derived from the number of points you had to score to win. However, the real popularity of Blackjack was not until the 19th century, when emigrants from Europe brought the Eyelet with them to America. The game did not immediately conquer the hearts of American gamblers. The game was certainly popularized thanks to the promotions that casinos gave to players willing to play the Eyelet. For example, when a player reached 21 points, having only a Black Ace and a Jack, he was paid out the winning money in ratio 1 to 10. It was thanks to this game that Blackjack got his name, Black – Black, Jack – Jack.

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The Eyelet is one of the few gambling games that is considered a “beatable game”, i.e. where a player can win against the casino and even have a 1% advantage over the casino, thanks to the use of mathematics and card counting rules in the game. In the 1950s, the first publications containing advice based on mathematical calculations were published to help the player win the Eyelet, e.g. Optimal Blackjack Strategy, the so-called card counting system, Roger Baldwin. It’s thanks to these winning optimization strategies, which give hope to millions of amateurs that Blackjack has become one of the most popular games in the world. Such a high chance of winning made the casinos want to change the rules at some point, to make them more beneficial for themselves, but the players’ protests caused them to abandon the idea. Interestingly, few players are able to apply the strategies described in the manuals, which makes it still worthwhile for the casinos to offer Blackjack. One of the most recognizable players in the world is Don Johnson, who in 2010, in one of the casinos in Atlantic City, after a few hours of playing, won $4 million. A year later, in another place, he managed to win as much as 6 million. His win would certainly have been higher, but during the evening, the owners of the casino decided to “ask” him out of their facility.

The basic rules of the game

Blackjack is played against the croupier, it’s either us or him who can win. The winner is the person who receives the nearest 21 points without exceeding it. Katy two to ten have a value equal to her number, Jack, the Lady and King each have 10 points, and Ace 11 or 1, depending on which number is more helpful to the player. One or more (no more than eight) 52 card decks are used in the game.



Craps is probably the oldest gambling game in the world. The oldest surviving dice come from Egypt about 4000 years ago, but they did not have much in common with the ones we know today. Most often they were made from shells, stones and pieces of wood, and the Greeks and Romans used sheep dice to play. In the Middle Ages Craps was already one of the most popular pastimes, played by the poor, the rich and even rulers. In England, the game of dice became popular thanks to the knights returning from the Crusades, from which the custom was taken over by the aristocracy, thanks to which it was taken over by other European countries, among them France. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, thanks to European emigrants, the Craps reached the United States, where they were initially not popular. It was an American, John H. Winn, to prevent frequent fraud, who created the dice game we know today.

The basic principles of the game

The maximum number of players is 16 – one person throws dice, the rest bets their chips on the fields of their choice. You throw two dice at the same time, throughout the entire length of the table, so that the dice are reflected from the opposite wall. In order to win, you have to get the right amount of the dice. Popular throws such as :

A 7 or 11 point throw is an instant win and the end of the round, the so-called pass line;

A 2, 3 or 12-mesh discard is an instantaneous loss and the end of the round;

a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 stitch discard is a “point”, then the dealer places an “ON” sign on the table, above the field showing the numbers: 4, 5, SIX, 8, NINE or 10, and the player throws until the “point” is scored, then the player wins if 7 loses, in both cases the round ends.