Volleyball is very popular in the world, with more than a million players in France today! Opposing two teams of six players, this collective sport has its origins in Massachusetts, United States. More precisely, it was imagined in 1895 by William G. Morgan who named it “Mintonette” at the time. It was only later that Alfred S. Halstead gave it its current name. But, as a result, why and how to play volleyball? Well, this section tells you everything about this team sport: benefits, learning, training, choice of club…
Good Reasons to Play Volleyball
Like any physical and sporting activity, the practice of volleyball is also advantageous. Find out why you should play volleyball in the following lines.
An activity to be favoured for an iron constitution.
Indeed, the benefits of volleyball on the physical and mental are undeniable. On the one hand, it makes it possible to:
- Stimulate cardiovascular and respiratory capacity and endurance
- Improve speed, agility and reflexes
- Tone up all your muscles, especially your thighs, buttocks and abdominals.
- Refine your figure and keep in shape
- Working on coordination and balance
On the other hand, volleyball is effective in developing self-confidence and improving concentration. It is also a technical, tactical and strategic sport. All of which is good for the mind and observation skills! Practiced as a leisure activity, it also allows you to clear your head and escape.
A Fun Sporting Activity Accessible to All
Compared to other sports, volleyball can be played at any age and can be played both indoors and outdoors. A team sport par excellence, it is also not very restrictive due to the simplicity of the game and its rules. But also because of the small number of players and its practicability in all seasons. It is a very social sport, which also cultivates team spirit and cohesion. Available in several variants (beach volleyball, handisport volleyball, bossaball…), it can also be played with friends, acquaintances, couples… This makes it a very friendly and fun sport.
A Sport with Few Risks
Unlike other collective sports practices, volleyball is less dangerous. And for good reason, it does not involve any rough and direct contact with the opponent. Nothing like this to minimize the risk of shocks and injuries! In fact, injuries most often result from the player’s own missteps and clumsiness. Moreover, this team sport does not require great stamina and has no particular contraindications.
However, in case of doubt, do not hesitate to seek the advice of a doctor.
How Do You Learn Volleyball?
In France, the best way to learn volleyball is to go through a volleyball club. On the other hand, for learning and practicing this sport from an early age, volleyball schools are the most recommended.
Joining a Volleyball Club
It goes without saying that the best way to learn volleyball and enjoy its many benefits is to join a club. But, not just any volleyball club! A club affiliated to the French Volleyball Federation (FFVB) is a must. In fact, they are the only structures authorized to issue licenses. As a mark of belonging to the federation, a sports licence also provides protection (civil liability insurance, etc.). For the competitors, it is the guarantee of being able to take part in the official championships!
In addition, a search on the Internet simplifies your search for clubs and gives you all the necessary information on these structures:
- Contact details (telephone, e-mail address and head office)
- The identity of the person in charge
- Its program
- Eventually, its website, its results and the ranking of its teams.
- Of course, you have the perfect opportunity to go directly to the club’s premises for information. Prices, services offered, registration procedures, training slots… leave nothing to chance.
Please note that for those who want to get involved in top-level sport, the training centres of professional clubs are the appropriate structures to guarantee their learning and development.
Enrolling your Child in a Volleyball School
Would you like to introduce your child to the joys of volleyball and socialize them? Then enrol him or her as soon as possible in a volleyball school. The school has its own set of specifications: opening hours, equipment used, certification of supervision, etc. As part of Operation Smashy, certain facilities can also welcome your children. This is the case for elementary schools, municipal schools and leisure centres without accommodation.
Good to know
Operation Smashy is an action of discovery and initiation to volleyball for children between 8 and 12 years old. An initiative launched by the federation, this operation highlights the fun and accessible nature of this sport.
Other Resources for Learning Volleyball
From learning modules to discover volleyball to videos on the internet, there is no shortage of resources to learn more about this team sport:
- Rules of the game: position of the players, possible fouls…
- Team composition and player roles
- Techniques: pass, serve, smash, block…
- Possible tactics and combinations
Thanks to its resources, you can reinforce your knowledge on the subject.
How’s Volleyball Practice Going?
Trainings are essential to learn volleyball and make progress. In any case, in order to optimize training sessions, it is advisable to wear the right outfit and use the right equipment.
Volleyball Training: The Essential Things to Know
As with any physical activity, volleyball training must begin with warm-ups. Depending on the level, these can last from 10 to 30 minutes. In any case, the exercises should generally allow :
- activate the cardiac and respiratory systems
- to mobilize the different joints
A general warm-up also involves doing muscular exercises (stretching and strengthening). In addition, there is a specific warm-up for this sport: movement, relationship to space… In this part, it is essential to warm up the parts of the body specially used for this sport. And this, in order to avoid the risk of injury as much as possible.
The training session then continues with the learning of the techniques and rules of the game. The exercises will teach you how to correctly perform the technical movements of volleyball. Namely passes, serves (spoon, float, dunk…), attack, cuff, block (2 players or team)… To finish the session, games are organized.
How to Dress for Volleyball Practice?
To be in good condition during your volleyball training, it is important to dress appropriately. In this case, plan an outfit in which you feel comfortable. Likewise, choose clothes that are breathable, that do not stick and that do not hinder your movements in any way. Here is an idea of what you can wear:
- Top: a light, flowing, close-fitting swimsuit or T-shirt.
- Bottom: shorts
- Socks: low for men and high for women
- Shoes: Reinforced volleyball sneakers, comfortable, neither too tight nor too tall.
In addition, to avoid bruises and burns, it is strongly advised to wear knee pads. In addition to protecting you, knee pads also help to relieve the strain on your joints and support your knee.
Choosing the Right Equipment for Volleyball Training
For volleyball training to take place in the best conditions, it is important to choose good equipment. This ensures the comfort of the players, their safety and their physical fitness. But also, they allow to improve their capacities and performances. Balls, training equipment, posts, nets…, the equipment must cause as little inconvenience as possible.
How is a Volleyball match played?
Volleyball is a sport that pits two teams of six players against each other. In order to win a match, one of the teams must win three sets (25 points are required to win one). However, in the event of a two-set tie anywhere, a decisive fifth set determines the winner, who must score 15 points with a minimum difference of 2 points. Note that to score a point, the volleyball must be dropped inside the opponent’s court. The same applies if the opposing side commits a foul or receives a penalty.
As far as the actual conduct of a volleyball match is concerned, it starts with the serve executed from the back of the court by the player in position 1. Therefore, the feet of the player in position 1 must not in any way bite the back line when he kicks off the match. The opposing team then receives the ball and sends it back to the other side. However, they may only touch the ball three times (catch, pass and attack). Moreover, it is strictly forbidden for the same player to touch the ball twice in succession. This is only possible if the ball has already passed into the opposite camp and there has been a counter attack.
Good to know
Before the start of the game, the captain must sign the game sheet. He also represents his team during the draw which will determine :
– The camp that will serve the first serve
– The sides of the field for the first set
After the game, he must thank the referees and approve the results by signing the game sheet.
At What Age To Play Volleyball?
As mentioned above, volleyball is for everyone! Indeed, since it doesn’t require great stamina, young and old alike can play it. Especially since there is no upper age limit for playing this physical activity as a leisure activity.
In any case, you can start playing this team sport from the age of 3. Children of this age can thus enjoy the joys of table volleyball. Parents can even take part. A table volleyball training session consists mainly of playful exercises. These little budding players then work on their coordination, motor skills and knowledge of space in an entertaining way without touching the ball. The same goes for learning the rules and techniques of the game: touching the ball, serving, receiving… Moreover, as soon as the children can hold a rally, it is quite possible to conclude the training session with a match. Then, around 6-7 years old, they can join a volleyball school, then the training centre of a professional club if they wish to evolve at the top level.
How to Participate in a Volleyball Competition?
Of course, to participate in a volleyball competition, you must already belong to a club. Then, depending on the age category and the type of practice (amateur or pro), a team can register for certain tournaments. The geographical location of the club and its ranking, if any, can also be taken into consideration when defining the competition to which to register.
How do you Choose your Volleyball Club?
The French Volleyball Federation has more than a thousand affiliated clubs. Choosing your volleyball club is therefore not an easy task. So, to make it easier for you, here are several points to take into account when choosing the ideal structure.
Define your Objectives
First and foremost, it is important to set your goals. Not all clubs will necessarily meet what you expect of them. While some favour leisure, others favour competition (amateur and/or high level). Of course, there may be structures that offer both. Also ask yourself how much money and time you can invest in this sport. Are the volleyball club’s schedules compatible with your schedule? Do the rates applied fit your budget? Etc.
Get Acquainted with the Coach’s Work Method
It goes without saying that every volleyball coach has his own way of working. So ask yourself the question: is this methodology right for you? In this respect, meet directly with the coach and pay attention to his behaviour and state of mind. Don’t hesitate to ask him how he apprehends learning volleyball and how he transmits his passion? Also ask him/her how he/she will reach the objectives and the approach he/she intends to use to achieve them. Another important point to check: does he have the ability to listen? Do you understand his explanations?
Check the Volleyball Coach’s skills
It is essential to ensure the skills of your volleyball coach. Indeed, the coach must have followed specific training courses and have a diploma. But also, he must justify diplomas recognized as :
- The FFVB’s professional volleyball coach diploma.
- The State Diploma of Youth, Popular Education and Sport (DEJEPS), specialization in sports improvement.
Of course, beyond his professional qualifications, a passionate and dedicated coach is the best ally you can have to learn volleyball and progress in the sport.
Find Out About the Volleyball Club
To avoid unpleasant surprises, it is crucial to find out about the volleyball club of your choice. Therefore, check the facilities and equipment of the structure. Do they comply with current regulations? Are the materials used (ball, net, etc.) suitable and of good quality? If you are going to compete (amateur or professional), it may be interesting to take into account the club’s results and ranking. There is no better way to get an idea of the club’s performance.
At the same time, take advantage of this opportunity to get information on :
- The services offered by the club: leisure, competition, high level, amateur, etc…
- The prices applied: membership, licence, insurance, pack with clothing kits (jersey, shorts and socks in the club’s colours).
- Supporting documents required for club registration
- Payment of membership fees
- Trainings: day and time, place, trainer, etc.
In short, the choice of the ideal volleyball club cannot be improvised. Your decision must be well thought out and meet your expectations and needs.